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British Monarchs: Richard III (House of York) 1483-1485

Richard III

House: House of York
Reign: 1483-1485

Richard III (2 October 1452 22 August 1485) was King of England from 1483 until his death. He was the last king from the House of York, and his defeat ended the Wars of the Roses. After the death of his brother King Edward IV, Richard briefly governed as regent for Edward's son King Edward V with the title of Lord Protector, but he placed Edward and his brother Richard in the Tower (see Princes in the Tower) and acquired the throne for himself, being crowned on 6 July 1483. Two large-scale
rebellions rose against Richard. The first, in 1483, was led by old diehard opponents of Edward IV and, most notably, Richard's own 'kingmaker', Henry Stafford, Duke of Buckingham. The revolt collapsed and Buckingham was executed at Salisbury, near the Bull's Head Inn. However, in 1485, another rebellion arose against Richard, headed by Henry Tudor, 2nd Earl of Richmond (later King Henry VII) and his uncle Jasper. The rebels landed and Richard fell in the Battle of Bosworth Field, then known as Redemore or Dadlington Field, as the last Plantagenet king and the last English king to die in battle. William Shakespeare's play Richard III has made his name particularly infamous.

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