Glasgow (Glaschu in Gaelic; or Glesca/Glesga in Scots) is the largest city in Scotland. Glasgow is also the most populous unitary authority area. It is situated on the River Clyde in the country's west central lowlands. People from Glasgow are known as Glaswegians. Glaswegian is also the name of the local dialect of Scots, which is popularly referred to as "the Glasgow Patter".
The city was formerly a royal burgh, and was known as the "Second City of the British Empire" in the Victorian era. It established itself as a major transatlantic trading port during the Industrial Revolution. The Clyde was the world's pre-eminent shipbuilding centre , building many revolutionary and famous vessels such as the Cunard liners RMS Lusitania, RMS Aquitania, RMS Queen Mary, RMS Queen Elizabeth and the RMS Queen Elizabeth 2, and the Royal Yacht Britannia.
The city grew in the late 19th and early 20th centuries to a population of over one million people, peaking at 1,088,000 in 1931. However, with population decline, mainly due to the large scale relocation of people to new towns like East Kilbride and Cumbernauld on the outskirts of the city, and successive boundary changes by the Scottish Office and UK governments the current population of the City of Glasgow itself is 607,437 and 1,168,270 in the urban areas surrounding the city, based on the 2005 census. Around 2,300,000 people live in the Greater Glasgow conurbation, defined as the City of Glasgow and the surrounding settlements.
Glasgow is the second most popular foreign tourist destination in Scotland after Edinburgh. The city also has Scotland's largest and most economically important commerce and retail sector . Glasgow is also one of Europe's top 16 financial centres and is home to many of the country's leading businesses.