|Area: 157 kmē|
Huddersfield is a large town near the confluence of the River Colne and the River Holme. It is in the Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees in West Yorkshire and is located within the historic borders of the West Riding of Yorkshire.
Although there had been a settlement in the vicinity since Roman times, as evidenced by discovery of the remains of a Roman fort at Slack, just west of the town. Castle Hill, a major landmark of the town, was originally an Iron Age hillfort. Huddersfield itself was noted in the Domesday Book as a village known as Oderesfelt.
Huddersfield was incorporated as a municipal borough in the ancient West Riding of Yorkshire in 1868. The borough comprised the parishes of Almondbury, Dalton, Huddersfield, Lindley cum Quarmby and Lockwood. When the West Riding County Council was formed in 1889, Huddersfield became a county borough, exempt from county council control. Huddersfield expanded in 1937, including parts of the Golcar, Linthwaite, and South Crosland urban districts.[[ The county borough was abolished in 1974 and its former area was combined with that of other districts to form the Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees in West Yorkshire.
Huddersfield viewed from Castle HillIn 1952, in recognition of historic ties and links with The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding), Huddersfield conferred on the regiment the Freedom of the Town. This gives the regiment the right to march through the town with 'Flags Flying, Bands playing and Bayonets fixed'. Many of the town and district's male residents have served in the regiment during its 304-year history.
Huddersfield has been known as a Market Town since Saxon times. Since the granting of University status to the local Polytechnic it is sometimes described as a University Town.
Attempts by the local council to gain support for city status were rejected by the town's population in an unofficial referendum, held by the local media. The council did not apply for that status in either the 2000 or 2002 competitions.
According to the 2001 census the population of the Huddersfield urban sub-area of the West Yorkshire Urban Area was 146,234, and the population of the former area of the county borough was 121,620. The wider South Kirklees area had a population of 216,011.